Lesson 15 三级词汇详解

Lesson 15 三级词汇详解

  1. decline
  • n. 下降,减少
      • Tommy’s interest in the project declined after his wife died.
    • v.下降,衰退
      • The number of tourists to the resort declined by 10% last year.
    • 区分
      • reduce 是一主观的减少、降低,主语是使减少的外力
        • He reduced the amount of money they could spend. 他缩减了他们的开销。
      • decrease 指数值上的下降
        • The population decreased a lot last year. 去年人口数量急剧下降。
      • decline 除了数值上的还能指能力等抽象量的下降
        • It looks like the figures will continue to decline. 【文中】看起来这个数字还会继续下降。
        • ppt例句


2. graduate v. 毕业


After all his hard work, he now needs only two credit(学分) hours to graduate.


3. charge v. 命令; 收费


Go out and buy a pair of glasses, and charge it to us.

用法:

charge for 要价

in charge of 某人负责或照管某人〔物〕

in the charge of 某人〔物〕由某人负责或照管(与上句区分)

take charge of 接管,负责


4. available a. 可用的
No figures are available for the number of goods sold.

用法:be available to 可被……利用

be available for 可以获得

be available from 从…可以获得


5. therefore ad. 因此
We were unable to get funding and therefore had to abandon the project

区分

  • therefore是副词,意思是“因此;所以”
    • He lost his health,and therefore his difficulties increased. 他身体虚弱,因此更增加了他的困难。
  • so作副词意为“(表示程度)这么,如此;很”,作连词意为“(表示因果关系)所以;(引出结果)因此;(表示目的)为了”。
    • I had to go to church,so I grew up singing gospel. 我必须去教堂做礼拜,因此我是唱着福音歌长大的。
  • so当连词时可以引导一个完整的句子,而therefore不可以。


6. tend v. 倾向于


When I’m tired, I tend to make mistakes.


7. take out 获取


Would you take out the trash?

去除;除掉;邀请…外出,带…出去 ……


8. end up doing 最终成为


People want to do better, but they end up doing worse.

+动词的现代分词


9. turn to 向…求助


She has nobody she can turn to.


10. value…over… 与…相比更珍惜…
He value friends over money.

value A over B是与B相比更珍惜A的意思

隐藏内容【小视频】:

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Lesson 15 三级词汇详解-凌霄之上博客 BLOG
Lesson 15 三级词汇详解
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